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The Kurdish Genocide

Enter Saddam Hussein

The Kurds
Enter Saddam Hussein
Anfal Campaign

Saddam Hussein’s ascent to power seemed to be a good thing for the Kurds… at first. In 1970, Saddam and his Ba’ath party (a party with branches in different Arab countries) were able to strike an agreement with the rebelling Kurds. The Kurds were given the right to use and broadcast their language, and they were granted a decent amount of political autonomy. Sadly, even after the agreement, things didn’t fare well for the Kurds.


The Ba’ath party had sent troops into Kurdistan. Here, the troops entered the lands that were rich with oil and forcefully removed the Kurdish Farmers. The Farmers were then "relocated to barren sites in the desert south of Iraq, where they had to rebuild their lives by themselves, without any form of assistance." The Kurdish Farmers were replaced by poor Arabs who had been brought in from the south. When the Kurdish Democratic Party rebelled, all the men in the group that had been relocated were rounded up and removed from their homes. They were then transported to southern Iraq where they disappeared. Though their true fate has never been learned, it’s obvious that they were killed. Not long after was the start of the Anfal Campaign.